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Collaborative Research Center SFB 876 - Providing Information by Resource-Constrained Data Analysis


The collaborative research center SFB876 brings together data mining and embedded systems. On the one hand, embedded systems can be further improved using machine learning. On the other hand, data mining algorithms can be realized in hardware, e.g. FPGAs, or run on GPGPUs. The restrictions of ubiquitous systems in computing power, memory, and energy demand new algorithms for known learning tasks. These resource bounded learning algorithms may also be applied on extremely large data bases on servers.
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UPCOMING TALK
December  7,  2022  16:15

Graphs in Space: Graph Embeddings for Machine Learning on Complex Data

Abstract - In today’s world, data in graph and tabular form are being generated at astonishing rates, with algorithms for machine learning (ML) and data mining (DM) applied to such data being established as drivers of modern society. The field of graph embedding is concerned with bridging the “two worlds” of graph data (represented with nodes and edges) and tabular data (represented with rows and columns) by providing means for mapping graphs to tabular data sets, thus unlocking the use of a wide range of tabular ML and DM techniques on graphs. Graph embedding enjoys increased popularity in recent years, with a plethora of new methods being proposed. However, up to now none of them addressed the dimensionality of the new data space with any sort of depth, which is surprising since it is widely known that dimensionalities greater than 10–15 can lead to adverse effects on tabular ML and DM methods, collectively termed the “curse of dimensionality.” In this talk we will present the most interesting results of our project Graphs in Space: Graph Embeddings for Machine Learning on Complex Data (GRASP) where we investigated the impact of the curse of dimensionality on graph-embedding methods by using two well-studied artifacts of high-dimensional tabular data: (1) hubness (highly connected nodes in nearest-neighbor graphs obtained from tabular data) and (2) local intrinsic dimensionality (LID – number of dimensions needed to express the complexity around particular points in the data space based on properties of surrounding distances). After exploring the interactions between existing graph-embedding methods (focusing on node2vec), and hubness and LID, we will describe new methods based on node2vec that take these factors into account, achieving improved accuracy in at least one of two aspects: (1) graph reconstruction and community preservation in the new space, and (2) success of applications of the produced tabular data to the tasks of clustering and classification. Finally, we will discuss the potential for future research, including applications to similarity search and link prediction, as well as extensions to graphs that evolve over time.

Bio - Miloš Radovanović is Professor of Computer Science at the Department of Mathematics and Informatics, Faculty of Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Serbia. His research interests span many areas of data mining and machine learning, with special focus on problems related to high data dimensionality, complex networks, time-series analysis, and text mining, as well as techniques for classification, clustering, and outlier detection. He is Managing Editor of the journal Computer Science and Information Systems (ComSIS) and served as PC member for a large number of international conferences including KDD, ICDM, SDM, AAAI and SISAP.


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LAST TALK
December  1,  2022  16:15

Causal and counterfactual views of missing data models


Abstract - Modern cryptocurrencies, which are based on a public permissionless blockchain (such as Bitcoin), face tremendous scalability issues: With their broader adoption, conducting (financial) transactions within these systems becomes slow, costly, and resource-intensive. The source of these issues lies in the proof-of-work consensus mechanism that - by design - limits the throughput of transactions in a blockchain-based cryptocurrency. In the last years, several different approaches emerged to improve blockchain scalability. Broadly, these approaches can be categorized into solutions that aim at changing the underlying consensus mechanism (so-called layer-one solutions), and such solutions that aim to minimize the usage of the expensive blockchain consensus by off-loading blockchain computation to cryptographic protocols operating on top of the blockchain (so-called layer-two solutions). In this talk, I will overview the different approaches to improving blockchain scalability and discuss in more detail the workings of layer-two solutions, such as payment channels and payment channel networks.

Short bio - Clara Schneidewind is a Research Group Leader at the Max Planck Institute for Security and Privacy in Bochum. In her research, she aims to develop solutions for the meaningful, secure, resource-saving, and privacy-preserving usage of blockchain technologies. She completed her Ph.D. at the Technical University of Vienna in 2021. In 2019, she was a visiting scholar at the University of Pennsylvania. Since 2021 she leads the Heinz Nixdorf research group for Cryptocurrencies and Smart Contracts at the Max Planck Institute for Security and Privacy funded by the Heinz Nixdorf Foundation.


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FAIR Workshop on Sequence & Streaming Data Analysis organized by Members of Project C4

The interdisciplinary research area FAIR (together with members of project C4) organizes a two-day workshop on Sequence and Streaming Data Analysis.

This will take place

  • on November 22 and 23, 2022, 09:00 to 13:00 each day,
  • hybrid, in seminar room OH14 E04 as well as in Zoom.

The goal of the workshop is to provide a basic understanding of similarity measures and classification and clustering algorithms for sequence data and data streams.

We welcome as presenting guests:

  • André Nusser, Basic Algorithms Research Copenhagen (BARC), Copenhagen University.
  • Chris Schwiegelshohn, MADALGO, Department of Computer Science, Aarhus University.

Registration is required. More information at:

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