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Richter/etal/2019a: Model-based optimization of subgroup weights for survival analysis

Bibtype Article
Bibkey Richter/etal/2019a
Author Richter, Jakob and Madjar, Katrin and Rahnenführer, Jörg
Title Model-based optimization of subgroup weights for survival analysis
Journal Bioinformatics
Volume 35
Number 14
Pages i484-i491
Abstract To obtain a reliable prediction model for a specific cancer subgroup or cohort is often difficult due to limited sample size and, in survival analysis, due to potentially high censoring rates. Sometimes similar data from other patient subgroups are available, e.g. from other clinical centers. Simple pooling of all subgroups can decrease the variance of the predicted parameters of the prediction models, but also increase the bias due to heterogeneity between the cohorts. A promising compromise is to identify those subgroups with a similar relationship between covariates and target variable and then include only these for model building.We propose a subgroup-based weighted likelihood approach for survival prediction with high-dimensional genetic covariates. When predicting survival for a specific subgroup, for every other subgroup an individual weight determines the strength with which its observations enter into model building. MBO (model-based optimization) can be used to quickly find a good prediction model in the presence of a large number of hyperparameters. We use MBO to identify the best model for survival prediction of a specific subgroup by optimizing the weights for additional subgroups for a Cox model. The approach is evaluated on a set of lung cancer cohorts with gene expression measurements. The resulting models have competitive prediction quality, and they reflect the similarity of the corresponding cancer subgroups, with both weights close to 0 and close to 1 and medium weights. mlrMBO is implemented as an R-package and is freely available at http://github.com/mlr-org/mlrMBO.
Month 07
Year 2019
Projekt SFB876-A3
Url https://doi.org/10.1093/bioinformatics/btz361
Bibtex Here you can get this literature entry as BibTeX format.