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Yamada/etal/2017a: Volatile Organic Compounds in Exhaled Breath of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis for Discrimination from Healthy Subjects

Bibtype Article
Bibkey Yamada/etal/2017a
Author Yamada, Yu-ichi and Yamada, Gen and Otsuka, Mitsuo and Nishikiori, Hirotaka and Ikeda, Kimiyuki and Umeda, Yasuaki and Ohnishi, Hirofumi and Kuronuma, Kojiand Chiba, Hirofumi and Baumbach, Jörg Ingo and Takahashi, Hiroki
Title Volatile Organic Compounds in Exhaled Breath of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis for Discrimination from Healthy Subjects
Journal Lung
Pages 1--8
Abstract Purpose Human breath analysis is proposed with increasing frequency as a useful tool in clinical application. We performed this study to find the characteristic volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in the exhaled breath of patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) for discrimination from healthy subjects. Methods VOCs in the exhaled breath of 40 IPF patients and 55 healthy controls were measured using a multi-capillary column and ion mobility spectrometer. The patients were examined by pulmonary function tests, blood gas analysis, and serum biomarkers of interstitial pneumonia. Results We detected 85 VOC peaks in the exhaled breath of IPF patients and controls. IPF patients showed 5 significant VOC peaks; p-cymene, acetoin, isoprene, ethylbenzene, and an unknown compound. The VOC peak of p-cymene was significantly lower (p{\thinspace}<{\thinspace}0.001), while the VOC peaks of acetoin, isoprene, ethylbenzene, and the unknown compound were significantly higher (p{\thinspace}<{\thinspace}0.001 for all) compared with the peaks of controls. Comparing VOC peaks with clinical parameters, negative correlations with VC (r{\thinspace}=?0.393, p{\thinspace}={\thinspace}0.013), {%}VC (r{\thinspace}=?0.569, p{\thinspace}<{\thinspace}0.001), FVC (r{\thinspace}={\thinspace}?0.440, p{\thinspace}={\thinspace}0.004), {%}FVC (r{\thinspace}=?0.539, p{\thinspace}<{\thinspace}0.001), DLco (r{\thinspace}=?0.394, p{\thinspace}={\thinspace}0.018), and {%}DLco (r{\thinspace}=?0.413, p{\thinspace}={\thinspace}0.008) and a positive correlation with KL-6 (r{\thinspace}={\thinspace}0.432, p{\thinspace}={\thinspace}0.005) were found for p-cymene. Conclusion We found characteristic 5 VOCs in the exhaled breath of IPF patients. Among them, the VOC peaks of p-cymene were related to the clinical parameters of IPF. These VOCs may be useful biomarkers of IPF.
Year 2017
Projekt SFB876-B1
Url http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00408-017-9979-3
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